Cullen, Justine Rose - Optical Dating Studies of southeastern Patagonian Sand Wedges in Chile and Argentina...

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This thesis has been submitted to the Library for purposes of graduation, but needs to be audited for technical details related to publication in order to be approved for inclusion in the Library collection.
Term: 
Spring 2016
Degree: 
M.Sc.
Degree type: 
Thesis
Department: 
Department of Earth Sciences
Faculty: 
Science
Senior supervisor: 
John Clague
Co-supervisor, if any: 
Olav Lian
Thesis title: 
Optical Dating Studies of southeastern Patagonian Sand Wedges in Chile and Argentina
Given Names: 
Justine Rose
Surname: 
Cullen
Abstract: 
The purpose of this study was to establish a suitable single aliquot regenerative dose (SAR) optical dating protocol for K-feldspar sediments in southeast Patagonia using radiocarbon-dated Holocene dune sediments at Lago Arturo. The established protocol was then applied to sand wedge sediments found in the region in order to date periods of permafrost and to provide limiting ages on glaciation. The suitable SAR protocol incorporates a 200oC/10 s preheat for both the additive-dose and test dose measurements, a hot (290oC) bleach step at the end of each SAR cycle to reduce recuperation, and measurement of the stimulated luminescence at 50oC. A select number of sand wedges found throughout the region were dated using the established protocol. Those that yielded reliable ages date to the last glaciation. Some sand wedges provided older optical ages, however, more testing is required to determine if these ages are accurate.
Keywords: 
Optical dating; southeastern Patagonia; sand wedges
Total pages: 
174